For the fifth consecutive year, Melbourne has been named the world’s most livable city.
The city ranked highest on an annual global livability scale by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), beating Austria’s capital Vienna by just 0.1 point.
Adelaide tied for 5th with Calgary, the third Canadian city in the top five along with Vancouver and Toronto. Sydney and Perth both made it into the top 10, ranking seventh and eighth on the list, respectively, while Brisbane came in at 18th.
Out of the 140 cities surveyed, the lowest ranked on the list were Tripoli, Lagos, Port Moresby, Dhaka and Damascus.
According to the EIU, the top ranked cities have fewer challenges to living standards and enjoy a good infrastructure, healthcare system and a low murder rate. But in other world regions, such as Europe, North Africa and North America, there has been increasing instability caused by events such as The Charlie Hebdo attacks in Paris, a bloody civil war in Syria and race-fueled civil unrest in a number of U.S. cities.
According to this year’s report, “The EIU ranking, which provides scores for lifestyle challenges in 140 cities worldwide, shows that since 2010, average livability across the world has fallen by 1%, led by a 2.2% fall in the score for stability and safety. While this may seem marginal, it highlights that 57 of the cities surveyed have seen declines in livability over the last five years.”
Some regions, however, show a very different trend. Seven Chinese cities improved their ranking over the last 12 months largely because of a lower threat from civil unrest, the report said. China’s top-ranked city, Beijing, even moved up five places to 69 in the global ranking.